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The purpose of this study is to conceptualize a philosophical model for assessing Sri Lankan rice Farmers' readiness to adopt organic fertilizers (OF) while releasing the use of chemical fertilizer (CF) for sustainable agriculture (SA) transition. Such farmer assessments have been undertaken within the SA standards comprising economic, social, and ecological pillars. The Sri Lankan rice cultivation ecosystem, which has evolved over the years, is going through a transition, posing a massive ask on farmers to challenge their resilience to adopt more organic-centric farming. However, their potential to uptake such challenges has not been adequately investigated. The paper suggests a scientific way of assessing the strengths of farmers' SA potentials, their readiness to disconnect their ties with (CF), and the effectiveness of government handholding support in reorganizing their farm plots with organic. A conceptual model has been designed based on ecosystem resilience theory combined with the framework of rural livelihood assessment with the support of other SA assessment studies found in the literature. The model comprises latent constructs measuring the strength of farmer SA potentials, their readiness to disconnect from CF use, readiness to adopt OF, and institutional support, which would determine their ability to stay in farming.