The Effects of Career Readiness Course on Students Career Decision Self-Efficacy During Covid 19

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Mohd Izwan Mahmud, Salleh Amat , Abu Yazid Abu Bakar, Chang Peng Kee, Zalinda Othman


COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in reduced employment opportunities and increased competition among graduates where the labor market today is undergoing a transformation towards more advanced use of technology in the employment sector which graduates should also prepare themselves with a range of additional skills so that they can compete in the increasingly competitive and challenging job market. Career readiness course is an important initiative that helps students to obtain necessary skills needed in the transitional period from education to work, which involves the process of career planning, goal selection, and decision making. This research was aimed to study the effectiveness of career readiness course on the career self-efficacy among undergraduates who have enrolled into this elective course. This was quasi-experimental research that studied the difference on career self-efficacy before and after participating in this course on the same group. The content of this course consisted of resume writing, job application, and interview tips. All of these contents were designed based on the combination of Cognitive of Information Processing Theory (CIP) and Constructivist Theory. This course had been conducted for 14 weeks and encompassed a variety of career activities, including mock interview, establishment of career profiling, self-reflection, online opened discussion, industrial sharing and resume clinic, which aimed to helped students in acquiring occupational information and skills, applying the skills into the practices, and establishing the career profiling. The effectiveness of career self-efficacy was measured by using comparing the scores of Career Decision Self-Efficacy-Short Form (CDSE-SF) before and after joining the course. A total of 179 undergraduates who have enrolled in this class had been selected as the respondents. The results of pre-test and post-test showed that there was a significant difference in term of career self-efficacy t (179) = 8.90, p < .05. The implication of this course was used as a source of reference to design related career program that can enhance the graduates’ career readiness, which would eventually increase the rate of graduate employability. This course was suggested to become the compulsory subject for all undergraduates in order to equip them with proper knowledge and skills related to their job readiness. 

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